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        • TPE材料用于塑膠廚具餐具安全性問題討論
        • 本站編輯:杭州紅博新材料有限公司發布日期:2019-11-14 21:35 瀏覽次數:

        塑料餐具廚具有很多,常見的有刀叉、碗、筷、砧板、餐碟、保鮮盒等等,目前部分此類產品使用TPE材料生產制造而成。對此,有許多消費者會產生這樣的一個想法:TPE做的塑膠餐具、廚具,是否會對人體有害,與硅膠材質的相比有什么區別。

        There are a lot of plastic tableware and kitchenware, including knives and forks, bowls, chopsticks, cutting boards, dishes, fresh boxes, etc. at present, some of these products are made of TPE materials. In this regard, many consumers will come up with the idea of whether the plastic tableware and kitchenware made by TPE will be harmful to human body and what's the difference between TPE and silicone.

        先回答靠前個問題。TPE是的非標軟膠材料,用于生產餐具以及廚具的是食品級材料。食品級材料是需要經過許多測試標準才能用于生產的,比如ROHS、REACH測試、3%醋酸測試、VOC揮發物測試標準以及50%酒精測試。對于這些測試,TPE材料是可以通過的,此外材料加工過程中不添加有毒助劑,不含雙酚A等毒性化學物質。

        Answer the first question first. TPE is a green non-standard soft rubber material, which is used to produce tableware and kitchenware. Food grade materials need to go through many test standards before they can be used in production, such as RoHS, reach test, 3% acetic acid test, VOC volatiles test standard and 50% alcohol test. For these tests, TPE materials can pass. In addition, no toxic additives and bisphenol A are added in the process of material processing.

        上述說明TPE材料能夠用于塑膠廚具餐具的生產,但這里要補充一點的是,TPE制品不能用于耐溫120℃以上環境以及接觸油性物質。也就是說,烤箱、微波爐是無法用來加熱TPE制品的,會引發制品本身材料分子結構的不穩定,也就是分子物質揮發。這樣的一個局限性,使得此款材料一般用于砧板、菜盆、筷子、嬰兒勺、冰格、鏟子等產品。這類產品可以用沸水消毒,無需擔心安全問題,不會對人體有害,因此可以放心使用。

        The above shows that TPE materials can be used in the production of plastic kitchenware and tableware, but it should be added that TPE products can not be used in the environment with temperature resistance above 120 ℃ or in contact with oily substances. In other words, the oven and microwave oven can not be used to heat TPE products, which will cause the instability of the molecular structure of the product itself, that is, the volatilization of molecular substances. Such a limitation makes this material generally used for products such as chopping board, vegetable basin, chopsticks, baby spoon, ice lattice, shovel, etc. This kind of product can be disinfected with boiling water, without safety concerns, and will not be harmful to human body, so it can be used safely.

        接下來回答第二個問題,TPE與硅膠材質相比有什么區別。共同點即是兩者都為食品級材料,都能用于廚具餐具的生產。區別點例舉如下:

        Next answer the second question, what is the difference between TPE and silica gel. First of all, they are both food grade materials, which can be used in the production of kitchenware and tableware. The differences are as follows:

        ①硅膠是耐高溫材料,可耐高溫250℃,也就是微波爐能夠加熱盛放了食品的硅膠容器,這一點TPE暫時無法做到;

        ① silica gel is a high temperature resistant material, which can withstand high temperature of 250 ℃, that is to say, the microwave oven can heat the silica gel container containing food, which TPE can't do temporarily;

        ②硅膠可以通過FDA正己烷以及LFGB橄欖油測試,制成的餐具可接觸油性物質,這一點TPE也暫時無法做到;

        ② silica gel can be tested by FDA n-hexane and lfgb olive oil, and the tableware can be contacted with oily substances, which TPE can not do temporarily;

        ③TPE能夠優于硅膠的地方,目前大致只有TPE加工成型效率高于硅膠,原料價格也相對低廉一些,材料也可回收,而硅膠由于硫化以及其他原因,無法再次利用。

        ③ where TPE is superior to silica gel, at present, only TPE processing efficiency is higher than silica gel, the raw material price is relatively low, and the material can also be recycled, while silica gel can not be reused due to vulcanization and other reasons.

        以上就是對于兩個問題的解答,如果廠商需要生產耐高溫的餐具和廚具,則使用硅膠材料;如果生產不需要經常加熱的制品,可以考慮使用TPE原料生產,兩者各有優劣。至于消費者,也同樣如此。

        The above is the answer to the two questions. If the manufacturer needs to produce high-temperature tableware and kitchenware, the silica gel material should be used; if the product does not need to be heated frequently, TPE raw material can be used for production, with advantages and disadvantages. As for consumers, the same is true.


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